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  Immobilized Kidney 28-kDa Endostatin-Related (KES28kDa) Fragment Promotes Endothelial Cell Survival
Original Report: Laboratory Investigation Key words: Acute kidney injury. Endostatin. Endothelial cell survival. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells. KES28kDa

Área(s) de Atuação que o Presente Artigo trata
Biologia Celular

Artigo original publicado em periódico científico

Background/Objective: Renal ischemia-hypoxia is a leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). Ischemia causes extracellular matrix breakdown of the tubular basement membrane. Endostatin (ES) is the C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII generated by proteolytic cleavage. Recent studies have demonstrated that ES expression is upregulated in ischemic kidneys. The present study aimed to characterize ES from ischemic kidneys. Methods: Ischemic renal failure was induced via 45 min of occlusion of the left renal artery and vein. After the ischemic period, blood was collected. Kidneys were harvested and used for immunohistochemical testing and protein extraction. Three-step purification was used. Soluble and immobilized purified ES were tested in cell viability and adhesion assays. Results: The soluble KES28kDa inhibited endothelial cell proliferation: 25 versus 12.5 µg (p < 0.05); 12.5 versus 3.15 µg (p < 0.05). Immobilization of KES28kDa supports endothelial cell survival over the control (p = 0.021). Human umbilical vein endothelial cells plated on immobilized KES28kDa showed an increase in membrane ruffles and stress fibers. Conclusion: These data demonstrate the local synthesis of a 28-kDa ES-related fragment following AKI and suggest its role in endothelium survival.

Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel

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