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  Plant Cell Wall as a Substrate for the Production of Enzymes with Industrial Applications
15/11/2012
Revisão bibliográfica sobre a parede celular de plantas como fonte de produção de enzimas com aplicações biotecnológicas.

Área(s) de Atuação que o Presente Artigo trata
Biologia
Biotecnologia e Produção
Processos Biológicos de Fermentação e Transformação


Plant Cell Wall as a Substrate for the Production of Enzymes with Industrial Applications
Abstract: The plant cell wall represents a vast carbon source for the induction of carbohydrate-degrading enzymes. The matrix of polysaccharides
presents a great structural diversity, containing different sugar residues with the same or different bonds, branched to varying
degrees and whose conformation may be like a straight ribbon, a twisted ribbon, an open helix or completely disordered. Cellulose and
hemicellulose are the most abundant polysaccharides, accounting for as much as 35-50% and 25-30% of the dry weight of plant cell wall,
respectively. The exploitation of plant cell wall polysaccharides requires an arsenal of enzymes with different mode of action. Enzymatic
saccharification of plant cell wall components has potential applications in different fields, including fuel, solid waste disposal, animal
feed, and paper/textile industry. The present review covers some aspects of plant cell structure and function, having in mind its potential
as an inductor of enzyme systems with biotechnology applications.
Keywords: Cell wall, holocellulose, glycosidase, holocellulase, enzyme specificity.
Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry

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